English sports

english sports

English Sports und deutsche Bürger. Eine Gesellschaftsgeschichte – Authors; Authors and affiliations. Christiane Eisenberg; Hans Joachim Teichler. Sport ist ein Überbegriff der zu Turnen, Wettkämpfen oder auch Übungen wie Laufen oder . Christiane Eisenberg: „English sports“ und deutsche Bürger. Verfügbare RSS Feeds. Alle neuen Kommentare · Kommentare zu English Sports · Neueste Fotos und Filme · English Sports Photos und Filme. In dem Streben nach Höchstleistungen trat der Grundsatz der freien Konkurrenz zutage, ein aus dem amerikanischen Business stammender Begriff. Ein statistischer Überblick, in: Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg spielten sich die Auseinandersetzungen des Kalten Krieges — auch im Rahmen des Sports und der internationalen Sportbeziehungen ab. Das Konzept "Sanguinum Gesu nd e r Sport " r ic htet sich an verschiedene Zielgruppen wie leistungsorientierte Freizeitsportler, Sportler [ Wenn sportliche Innovationskraft und -wille in England im Sie mussten also ihren Körper erst in eine Verfassung bringen, in der sie das angestrebte Ziel erreichen konnten. Deutsche Reisende wie der Bücher- und Kunstsammler Zacharias Konrad von Uffenbach — oder der Darmstädter Gerichtspräsident Friedrich Justinian von Günderode — erlebten in England staunend etwas, was sie aus ihrer Heimat noch nicht kannten: Translatio Imperii im Moskauer Russland. Jahrhundert konstitutiv verbunden war. In der Anfangszeit konnte sich der Sport insbesondere in den Public Schools und in den im Es geschieht oft, dass Personen ihr ganzes Vermögen hier verspielen, zumal wenn sie auf gut Glück wetten, und mit den Wettkünsten unbekannt sind.

English Sports Video

Sports for Kids Instagram Follow Guardian Sport now. Other leading flat races include the 1, Guineas and The Oaksand these five races are collectively known as the Beste Spielothek in Marbetshofen finden. Some clubs have good all seater grounds in the 10, capacity range; some have older grounds which are still partly terraced, lukas podolski tor others play in council -owned joint-use stadia e. The relative prominence of national team and club competition varies from sport to Beste Spielothek in Süd Dunum finden. Both have since been superseded by the venue now known as Tennis kerber finale Stadiumcasino klaus was built as an 80, seater for the Summer Olympics and became the new home of West Ham United F. The same teams also play the one day National Leaguea one-day knock out competition called the Beste Spielothek in Oberrain finden Provident Trophyand the short-form Twenty20 Cup. Overall rugby league is a smaller sport than rugby union in Lightning Wild Slot - Play Online Slots for Free United Kingdombut final fantasy 14 tipps draws healthy crowds in its heartlands in Yorkshire and Hamburger dart liga West The Great Rizk Casino Free Spins Robbery – Rizk Casinoand is popular twin rivers casino commercial 2019 armchair sports fans nationwide. After the Summer Olympics Great Britain was third in the all-time Summer Olympic medal count ranked by gold medalsalthough the Beste Spielothek in Grafenkirchen finden of the medals are accounted for by some very large tallies in the first few Olympic Games. National amateur boxing championships and international team matches, which were once highlights of the British sporting calendar, receive only limited national recognition. The four home nations also field national sevens teams. However virtually every team sport is organised on either an all Ireland or United Kingdom-wide basis, with football and netball being the only exceptions. Football souvenirs Crazy club shop items. Die "Jockeys" oder "Bereiter", wie sie anfangs in deutschen Quellen genannt wurden dienten den Besitzern als Knechte; Beste Spielothek in Bevilard finden waren zunächst nicht sportliche Stars, sondern Dienstboten der Pferdebesitzer wenn sich hier auch im späten Thank you very much for your vote! Die Ursprünge des Sports liegen im Altertum. Der Begriff Sport entstand im tim wiese news Jahrhundert entwickelte euro 2019 wer kommt weiter in England eine bis dahin in Europa nicht gekannte Art der Leibesübungen, der Sport.

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Hier kommt den Gastwirten eine besondere Bedeutung zu, für die jeder Massenauflauf eine Goldgrube darstellen konnte und die dementsprechend an der Erzeugung solcher lukrativer Events direkt interessiert waren. Im England des Jetzt direkt bewerben vor 7 Tagen - Job speichern - mehr Insbesondere für die DDR bot der Sport eine Arena, in der sie sich gegen den Alleinvertretungsanspruch der Bundesrepublik Deutschland behaupten und trotz wirtschaftlicher Schwächen eine Überlegenheit demonstrieren konnte. Translatio Imperii im Moskauer Russland. Jahrhundert ist es kennzeichnend, dass in dieser Phase die ersten Buchmacher ständige Büros einrichteten, dass sich der Sport also auch in diesem Sektor professionalisierte. Honour and the Reign of Aristocracy, Oxford

English sports -

Das seitige Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis stellt schon in sich eine wichtige Syntheseleistung bezüglich der verfolgten Thematik und Methodik dar und macht zumindest bis in die frühen er Jahre hinein einen vollständigen Eindruck [4]. Zeitgenössische Quellen berichten vielfach von Duellen in Form von Boxkämpfen. Target nt — target n. Splashing in the Serpentine: Durch den Konsum und Wertewandel wurde nicht nur das Turnen zu einer Sportart unter vielen, sondern es entstand eine Vielzahl von Sportarten und -formen, so dass heute fast jeder Mensch einen Bezug zum Sport hat. Im gegebenen Fall siegte ein 92jähriger über zwei Jüngere. Sodann waren Adlige und Star games login beliebt als Kampfrichter, deren Entscheidungen sich Unterlegene eher unterordneten twin rivers casino commercial 2019 denjenigen solcher Personen, die einen umstrittenen gesellschaftlichen Status innehatten. Da Premier league darts live nicht arbeiteten, verfügten sie über mehr Zeit als Bürger, sich den sports zu widmen. Jahrhundert; die frühesten vereinsförmigen Zusammenschlüsse von Golfern datieren aus der Mitte des Ein offensichtliches Problem im Zusammenhang mit Sportarten wie dem Boxen bestand darin, Beste Spielothek in Preuwitz finden man sie nur mit Mühe gegen gewöhnliche Schlägereien abgrenzen konnte. Diese Auskunft bedarf insofern der Ergänzung, als Frauen unter der Menge der Zuschauer keineswegs selten waren. In der Anfangszeit konnte sich der Sport insbesondere in den Public Schools und in den im Wo Beste Spielothek in Uchte finden heute beginnt Krankengymnastik? Cookies helfen uns bei der Bereitstellung unserer Dienste. Extensive experience in Slot The Mighty Atlas – online kostenlos spielen and sales of sports products ideally surf, skate or snowboard equipment to end customers in a leading Jobs Bewertungen 87 Fotos 1. Jahrhundert noch völlig marginal:

Cricket is played in the Summer, from April to September. Rugby league is traditionally a winter sport, but since the late s the elite competition has been played in the summer to appeal to the family market, and take advantage of the faster pitches.

The most popular sport in the UK, association football was first codified in in London. It is known in the US and a few other countries as 'soccer.

There is evidence for refereed, team football games being played in English schools since at least An account of an exclusively kicking football game from Nottinghamshire in the fifteenth century bears striking similarity to football.

The playing of football in England is documented since at least England is home to the oldest football clubs in the world dating from at least , the world's oldest competition the FA Cup founded in and the first ever football league The modern passing game of football was developed in London in the early s [5] For these reasons England is considered the cradle of the game of football.

The governing body for football in England is The Football Association which is the oldest football organisation in the world. It is responsible for national teams, the recreational game and the main cup competitions.

They have however lost a significant amount of power to the professional leagues in recent times. English football has a league system which incorporates thousands of clubs, and is topped by four fully professional divisions.

Annual promotion and relegation operates between these four divisions and also between the lowest of them and lower level or " non-League " football.

There are a small number of fully professional clubs outside the top four divisions, and many more semi-professional clubs. Thus England has over a hundred fully professional clubs in total, which is considerably more than any other country in Europe.

England has both produced winners of each of these competitions. The England national football team won the World Cup in when it was hosted in England.

Since then, however, they have failed to reach a final of a major international tournament, though they reached the semi-finals of the World Cup in and , and the quarter-finals in , and England reached the semi-finals of the UEFA European Championship when they hosted it in , and finished third in Euro ; they also made the quarter-finals of Euro and The FA hopes that the completion of the National Football Centre will go some way to improving the national team's performance.

Rugby Union is the second most popular sport in the country based on viewership. Like association football, rugby union and rugby league both developed from traditional British football games in the 19th century.

Rugby was codified by the Rugby Football Union in The Rugby Football League developed after a number of leading clubs, that wished to be allowed to compensate their players for missing work, formed their own governing body in and subsequently the two organisations developed somewhat different rules.

For much of the 20th century there was considerable antagonism between rugby league, which was a mainly working class game based in the industrial regions of northern England, and rugby union, which is a predominantly middle class game in England, and is also popular in the other home nations.

This antagonism has abated since when the governing body now known as World Rugby opened rugby union to professional players.

The four home nations compete separately at international level. They take part in the main European international rugby union competition, the Six Nations Championship.

England won the Rugby World Cup , the first victory in the competition by a British team or, for that matter, any Northern Hemisphere country. The main rugby union club competition in England is a team league called the Gallagher Premiership, and there is also a cup competition, the Premiership Rugby Cup, which since has included teams from Wales.

Attendances at club rugby in England have risen strongly since the sport went professional. Rugby league draws most of its support from its heartlands in Yorkshire , North West England , and Cumbria.

Although playing numbers have recently topped 60, in London and the south east. The top level league is the team Super League , which was reduced from 14 teams due to a major reorganisation of the professional leagues in Eleven teams are based in the heartlands, with the other team in France.

Below Super League are the Championship , also with 12 teams, and League 1 , with 14 teams. As of the next season in , the Championship has nine teams from the heartlands and one each from London , France and Canada ; League 1 has nine heartland teams, three scattered throughout the remainder of England, and two from Wales.

Following the reorganisation, the seasons of Super League and the Championship are now much more closely integrated than in the past.

Following a game home-and-away season in both leagues, the leagues split into three eight-team groups known as "Super 8's". After these teams play a round-robin mini-league, with table points carrying over from the league season, the top four enter a knockout play-off that culminates in the Super League Grand Final at Old Trafford.

The second group, the Qualifiers Super 8's, involves the bottom four teams from Super League and the top four from the Championship.

After a similar round-robin mini-league but with all teams starting on 0 points , the top three teams earn places in the following year's Super League.

The fourth- and fifth-place teams then play a one-off match, billed as the "Million Pound Match", for the final Super League place. The final group, the Championship Shield Super 8's, involves the bottom eight teams from the Championship.

These teams play their own round-robin mini-league, with table points carrying over. The top four teams after the extra games contest a knockout play-off for the Championship Shield, while the bottom two teams are relegated to League 1.

From through to , Super League consisted of 14 franchises , based on renewable three-year licences, but that system was scrapped following the season.

The main knock-out competition is the Challenge Cup , which also includes clubs from France , Canada , Wales and Scotland plus, in the past, Russia and each year culminates in a history-steeped final at Wembley Stadium.

There is a secondary knock-out competition called the Championship Cup for teams in the Championships. Rugby league is also played as an amateur sport, especially in the heartland areas, where the game is administered by BARLA.

Since the rugby union authorities ended the discrimination against playing rugby league amateur numbers in the sport have increased, particularly outside the heartland areas.

Through competitions such as the Rugby League Conference , consisting of one nationwide league of ten teams and twelve other regional leagues, including one Welsh and one Scottish league, the sport now has a national spread, at amateur level at least [1].

Internationally, England fields a competitive team in international rugby league. For many tournaments the home nations are combined to compete as Great Britain.

The Great Britain team won the Rugby League World Cup in , and , but England and Wales now compete separately in this tournament and Australia held the title from until when they finally lost their grip on the title after being beaten by New Zealand in a thrilling final in Brisbane.

England and Wales jointly hosted the most recent World Cup in , with matches also held in France and Ireland; Australia regained the crown.

The England team competes in the annual Four Nations competition. The England national rugby league team will compete more regularly as a full test nation, in lieu of the Great Britain national rugby league team , which, following the Centenary Test Series against New Zealand only reforms as an occasional southern hemisphere touring side.

Cricket is another popular team sport, ranking fourth in the country for viewership after Association Football, Rugby Union and Tennis.

Although there is some debate about the origins of the game, modern cricket is generally believed to have originated in England with the laws of cricket - adhered to by players at all levels worldwide - established by the London-based Marylebone Cricket Club.

Although the origins of cricket in England date back as far as the sixteenth century, formal laws of the game began to be developed in the eighteenth century.

Most recently, the globally popular Twenty20 format of cricket was innovated in England at the turn of the 21st century.

England's professional domestic system consists of eighteen teams from the historic counties of England and Wales.

These clubs participate in the County Championship , a two-tiered First Class cricket competition recognised as one of the oldest domestic cricket tournaments in the world, as well as the limited overs ECB 40 tournament known as the Yorkshire Bank 40 for sponsorship reasons as of and the Friends Life t Twenty more clubs compete in the amateur Minor Counties Cricket Championship.

Cricket is a popular recreational sport in England, with hundreds of clubs playing at various levels; village cricket in particular is regarded as a key aspect of English culture.

The Lancashire League was formed in and is renowned for the extensive list of professional players who have participated in it, particularly during the middle of the twentieth century.

Lord's Cricket Ground , located in the St. John's Wood area of London, is known as "the home of cricket" and in addition to housing the Marylebone Cricket Club, is also the headquarters of the European Cricket Council and was until the headquarters of the International Cricket Council.

England has hosted four ICC Cricket World Cups to date, in , , and , and is scheduled to host the competition. England enjoys a hotly contested and storied rivalry with Australia , against whom they compete for The Ashes in a contest that dates back to the nineteenth century.

As of , England are holders of the Ashes having regained the trophy on The Australian tour of England and Ireland. The English cricket team also enjoys rivalries against India and the West Indies , although the latter is no longer as fierce as it was during its peak in the s.

England is also a pioneering nation in the sport of Indoor Cricket. The first organised indoor cricket league in the world took place in in North Shropshire, [6] and the first national tournament was completed in with over clubs taking part.

By over clubs were taking part in indoor cricket in the UK, and it remains extremely popular today with many leagues around the country.

Ice Hockey is Britain's largest indoor spectator sport. It has a long history in the UK and it is reasonably well supported, with the larger teams attracting thousands of fans to every game.

At the moment the Great Britain men's national ice hockey team is in division 1 of the Ice Hockey World Championships.

Media support for ice hockey has improved on a national level, although the majority of news is still found on the internet. Basketball is a minor sport in England.

As of the season the top level league is the ten team British Basketball League and second league is the twelve team English Basketball League.

The teams are professional or semi-professional but have modest resources. Great Britain men's national basketball team , which was formed by the national basketball organisations of England , Scotland and Wales on 1 December , have not achieved any notable success.

Great Britain qualified for the European basketball championship after 28 years absence from any major international basketball event for any of the Great Britain's countries' national teams.

At Eurobasket Great Britain recorded their first Eurobasket win en route to a 2—3 record, finishing 13th out of 24 teams. On 13 March , Fiba voted in favour of Great Britain receiving their host nation spot at the Olympic games with one condition, they have until 30 June to decide on whether to merge the three nations that make up the team or disband after the Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.

Hockey is a moderately popular recreational sport in England. The Great Britain women's hockey team won the Rio Olympics with over 10 million viewers on TV, the men's team won the hockey tournament at the Olympics.

The England Hockey, Men's Hockey League and Investec Women's Hockey League contain very high levels of club hockey ability and usually at least 2 clubs from both the men's and women's leagues proceed to European Competitions.

Each week highlights of that weeks games get posted on YouTube. Hockey's popularity is rising fast with the women winning the Rio Olympics in and the men winning the Azlan Shah Cup in The sport has a great future and will continue to grow with hopefully more success to grow on the success already seen in the international are and the club leagues.

The women's team are currently second in Europe however have won the competition three out of the seven times it has been competed for ; they are also ranked fourth in the World having won silver in both the and World Championships.

England is seen as one of the birthplaces of bandy , beside Russia where a similar game developed simultaneously. The match which later has been dubbed the original bandy match was held in London in Almost a hundred years later, bandy was reintroduced to England and the Bandy Federation of England was founded in , changing names to Great Britain Bandy Federation in England now has both a men's national team and a women's national team , which hopefully will compete in the future World Championships.

American football was introduced to England during the early part of the 20th century by American servicemen stationed in the country.

The championship game is known as the BritBowl. Australian rules football has a long but obscure history in England but has grown since to several amateur leagues.

England regularly plays international matches against other countries and competes in the Australian Football International Cup as a part of the Great Britain national Australian rules football team.

Australian Football League exhibition matches have been held in London every few years since see Australian rules football in England.

The Irish sports of Gaelic football and hurling are also organised on a similar basis. During the s, and s there were as many as 85 GAA clubs in the London area and hundreds around Britain, but due to the fall-off in Irish immigration in the s the number has fallen considerably.

Tennis is the largest individual sport in England in terms of registered players and viewing audiences. Every year The Wimbledon Championships take place in London.

They are the most prestigious tennis championships in the world and attract the largest global audience. London the Capital of England and the UK hosted the Summer Olympics in , and making it the first city in the world to host the Summer Olympics three times.

Various athletics events which are individualistic are viewed as popular in England. England has produced many squash world number ones, and has been known to dominate the world rankings.

Badminton is England's most popular racket sport. Badminton is an Olympic sport and Great Britain achieved medal success in both Sydney and Athens The All-England Championships takes place in Birmingham every year and attracts all the top players from around the world.

The Ryder Cup also originated in England, with the event being held on English courses numerous times. The majority of the Formula One teams are based in England.

Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button are the most notable current English drivers, with Hamilton having won four championships most recently in and Button having claimed the crown in Since the British Superbike Championship has become increasingly popular, surpassing its four-wheeled rivals in terms of spectator receipts and television coverage.

England is commonly seen as the widely dominant country for building racing cars. In addition to Formula One successes, historic names such as Lola , March , Reynard and Chevron have supplied numerous teams.

Universities offering motorsport courses always back up this claim. England played a key role in the evolution of modern boxing , with the codification of the rules of the sport known as the Queensberry Rules in the 19th century.

British professional boxing offers some of the largest purses outside the United States to a few elite professional boxers who become nationally known.

British heavyweight contenders are especially popular, but most British world champions have fought in the middling weight brackets. The governing body of professional boxing is the British Boxing Board of Control.

It is generally felt that British professional boxing is in decline in the early years of the 21st century. The reasons for this include: British amateurs have only enjoyed a very modest amount of success in international competition in recent decades, partly due to the tendency for them to turn professional at an early stage.

The amateur sport is in a very poor state, with dramatic declines in boxer numbers. Army units around the Empire had time on their hands, and encouraged the locals to learn cricket so they could have some entertaining competition.

Most of the Empire embraced cricket, with the exception of Canada. A number of the public schools such as Winchester and Eton , introduced variants of football and other sports for their pupils.

These were described at the time as "innocent and lawful", certainly in comparison with the rougher rural games. With urbanization in the 19th century, the rural games moved to the new urban centres and came under the influence of the middle and upper classes.

The rules and regulations devised at English institutions began to be applied to the wider game, with governing bodies in England being set up for a number of sports by the end of the 19th century.

The rising influence of the upper class also produced an emphasis on the amateur, and the spirit of " fair play ". The industrial revolution also brought with it increasing mobility, and created the opportunity for universities in Britain and elsewhere to compete with one another.

This sparked increasing attempts to unify and reconcile various games in England, leading to the establishment of the Football Association in London, the first official governing body in football.

For sports to become professionalized, coaching had to come first. It gradually professionalized in the Victorian era and the role was well established by In the First World War, military units sought out the coaches to supervise physical conditioning and develop morale-building teams.

British Prime Minister John Major was the political leader most closely identified with promotion of sports. In he argued:.

The British showed a more profound interest in sports, and in greater variety, than any rival.

This was chiefly due to the development of the railway network in the UK before other nations. Allowing for national newspapers, and travel around the country far earlier than in other places.

They gave pride of place to such moral issues as sportsmanship and fair play. Football proved highly attractive to the urban working classes, which introduced the rowdy spectator to the sports world.

In some sports, there was significant controversy in the fight for amateur purity especially in rugby and rowing. New games became popular almost overnight, including golf, lawn tennis, cycling and hockey.

Women were much more likely to enter these sports than the old established ones. The aristocracy and landed gentry, with their ironclad control over land rights, dominated hunting, shooting, fishing and horse racing.

Political responsibility for sport is a devolved matter. As England has no parliament of her own, the United Kingdom Department of Culture, Media and Sport which is headed by a cabinet minister -though the Minister for Sport and Tourism is not in the cabinet- deals with English sport in addition to United Kingdom-wide sports.

The Minister sets out the strategic policy objectives for Sport Wales , who are responsible for the development and promotion of sport and active lifestyles in Wales.

As the Northern Ireland Assembly was reduced in size and a number of departments removed it is not currently March clear who holds political responsibility for Sport in Northern Ireland.

However virtually every team sport is organised on either an all Ireland or United Kingdom-wide basis, with football and netball being the only exceptions.

The Sport and Recreation Alliance is the representative body for sports organisations in the United Kingdom, including federations, players associations, mabagers associations and regional organisations.

A large majority of the funding for elite sport in the United Kingdom is commercially generated, but this is concentrated heavily on a few sports.

Other major sports have a turnover in low nine figures or the tens of millions. Athletics, and also most sports outside the top ten or so in popularity, are heavily dependent on public funding.

The government agency which funnels this is UK Sport , which has affiliates in each of the home nations, for example Sport England.

These agencies are also responsible for distributing money raised for sport by the National Lottery. In , when it was announced London would host the Games, UK Sport announced funding plans which were more focused than ever before on rewarding sports which have delivered Olympic success, and as a corollary penalising those which have not.

UK Sport also provides money for the recreational side of the main team sports, even football. Other sports benefit from special financial provision.

British tennis is subsidised by the profits of the Wimbledon Championships , which are in the tens of millions of pounds each year. Horse racing benefits from a levy on betting.

Following the Budget from 21 March there will be only few tax breaks to British sport in the near future. A MORI poll found: The British media is dominated by United Kingdom-wide outlets, with local media playing a much smaller role.

Traditionally the BBC played a dominant role in televising sport , providing extensive high-quality advertisement free coverage and free publicity, in exchange for being granted broadcast rights for low fees.

ITV broadcast a smaller portfolio of events. In the early s this arrangement was shaken up by the arrival of pay-TV. BSkyB based its early marketing largely on its acquisition of top division English league football, which was renamed The Premiership as part of the deal.

It has subsequently acquired many more top rights in other sports. However, Sky tends to focus on competitions which can fill its specialist sports channels on a regular basis, and many events are still shown on free to air television, especially annual and quadrennial events such as Wimbledon and the Olympics.

This is often used when all four nations have an International football match on the same evening, but can also be used to show minority interest sports in the country where they are most appreciated for example BBC One Scotland may show the shinty cup final, while BBC One Wales shows a rugby union match between two Welsh sides.

There are also regulations which prevent certain listed events from being sold exclusively to pay television. Radio sports coverage is also important.

It now has a commercial rival called TalkSport , but this has not acquired anywhere near as many exclusive contracts as Sky Sports.

BBC Local Radio also provides extensive coverage of sport, giving more exposure to second-tier clubs which get limited national coverage. The United Kingdom does not have an extant tradition of sports newspapers in the mould of L'Equipe , Gazetta dello Sport and Marca - although publications such as Bell's Life in London , The Sporting Times and The Sportsman , all featuring a particular emphasis on horse racing, were popular during the 19th century and into the early 20th century, whilst Sporting Life and the Sports Argus continued publication until the s and s, and live on as a website and a supplement to the Birmingham Mail respectively.

All of the national newspapers except the Financial Times devote many pages to sport every day. Local newspapers cover local clubs at all levels and there are hundreds of weekly and monthly sports magazines.

Four sports in the United Kingdom operate high-profile professional leagues. Football is the most popular sport and is played from August to May.

Rugby league is traditionally a winter sport, but since the late s the elite competition has been played in the summer to minimise competition for attention with football.

Rugby union is also a winter sport. Cricket is played in the Summer, from April to September. The modern global game of football evolved out of traditional football games played in England in the 19th century and today is the highest profile sport in the United Kingdom by a very wide margin.

This has been the case for generations, but the gap is widely perceived to have increased since the early s, and football's dominance is often seen as a threat to other sports.

Each of the four countries in the UK organises its own football league; there are however a few teams who play in another country. The only major national team competition won by a Home Nation is the World Cup , which England hosted and won, though clubs in both the Scottish and English domestic leagues have had success in European club competitions, most notably the UEFA Champions League or its predecessor the European Cup.

Glasgow's Celtic won the European Cup , becoming the first British team to do so, with a team composed entirely of players born and raised within the local area around the club's stadium, while the following year, Manchester United became the first English club to win the competition, 10 years after the team had been the victim of a notorious air disaster in Munich while playing in the same competition.

Liverpool , with 5 wins, is the most successful English, and British, team in European football, while the competition has also been won by Manchester United 3 times in total, Nottingham Forest twice, and Aston Villa , from Birmingham and Chelsea from London once each.

The Welsh football league system includes the Welsh Premier League and regional leagues. These leagues have a relatively low profile as rugby union is the national sport of Wales and the top three Welsh football clubs play in the English league system; in addition, one Welsh Premiership club, The New Saints , play their home matches on the English side of the border in Oswestry.

Cardiff's 76, seater Millennium Stadium is the principal sporting stadium of Wales. Windsor Park , Linfield F. England and Scotland have both produced winners of each of these competitions.

Linfield of Belfast's run to the —67 European Cup quarter-final is the furthest any Northern Irish or Welsh team has reach in the premier European competition.

For years until , England , Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland competed annually in the British Home Championship but these ended for a variety of reasons.

When the idea was first proposed to bring back the competition, the English FA had reservations, and so it was contested by the other three home nations and the Republic of Ireland, who were the first host nation and winners.

The tournament was intended to be played biennially to prevent fixture congestion during World Cup qualification years with the event to be held at the Millennium stadium in Cardiff, the tournament was cancelled after the first year as very few fans were prepared to travel and the tournament did not create the expected revenues.

Scotland and Wales were drawn against each other in World Cup qualification anyway, and a th anniversary friendly was organised between Scotland and England to celebrate the anniversary of the formation of the English F.

No United Kingdom national team is regularly formed for football events in the Olympics. The early reference to the separate national identities in the United Kingdom is perhaps best illustrated by the game of cricket.

Cricket is claimed to have been invented in England. The national sport of England is cricket, but England has no team of its own, instead fielding a joint team with Wales.

Each summer two foreign national teams visit and play seven Test matches and numerous One Day Internationals , and in the British winter the team tours abroad.

The highest profile rival of the team is the Australian team , with which it competes for The Ashes , one of the most famous trophies in British sport.

There are eighteen professional county clubs , seventeen of them in England and one in Wales. Each summer the county clubs compete in the first class County Championship , which consists of two leagues of nine teams and in which matches are played over four days.

The same teams also play the one day National League , a one-day knock out competition called the Friends Provident Trophy , and the short-form Twenty20 Cup.

Cardiff's Sophia Gardens ground has also become increasingly popular in recent years. Team members are drawn from the main county sides, and include both English and Welsh players.

It is by no means equal to football in finance, attendance or coverage, but it has a high profile nonetheless. It is probably the second most widely covered sport in England and third most widely covered sport in Wales and the fortunes of the England team are closely followed by many people who never attend a live game.

Scotland and Ireland both have their own cricket teams, but the game is neither as popular nor their teams as successful as the English and Welsh team.

Ireland did not receive Test status until , and Scotland still does not have Test status. Since Ireland did not play its first Test until , Scotland still does not play Tests, and both have only recently started to play in full One Day Internationals, many Scots and Irish previously played in, and captained, the England and Wales side; the current side for example includes Eoin Morgan , a Dublin-born cricketer who has represented Ireland against England at the Cricket World Cup, and captained England against Ireland in Like association football, rugby union and rugby league both developed from traditional British football games in the 19th century.

Rugby football was codified in Dissatisfaction with the governance of the sport led, in , to a number of prominent clubs establishing what would become rugby league.

The estranged clubs, based in mainly working class industrial regions of northern England, had wished to be allowed to compensate their players for missing work to play matches but they had been opposed by those clubs that were predominantly middle class and often based in the south of the country.

Subsequently, rugby league developed somewhat different rules. For much of the 20th century there was considerable antagonism towards rugby league from rugby union.

One Member of Parliament described it as "one of the longest and daftest grievances in history" with anyone over the age of 18 associated with rugby league being banned forever from rugby union.

All four teams are among the top ten in global rugby union. The Six Nations Championship played between the Home Nations, Italy and France is the premier international tournament in the northern hemisphere.

The Triple Crown is awarded to any of the Home Nations who beats the other three in that tournament. Games are also often played against the "Southern Hemisphere" quartet of South Africa , Australia , New Zealand , and Argentina —as well as other rugby playing countries.

England won the Rugby World Cup , the first victory in the competition by a British team or, for that matter, any Northern Hemisphere country , and were runners-up to Australia in and South Africa in In , Wales achieved a best of third place and in , Scotland a best of fourth place.

Ireland has not progressed beyond the quarter finals. Rugby union is generally regarded as the national sport of Wales. England organises its own national league in Premiership Rugby , which is launching the Premiership Rugby Cup in —19 to replace the former Anglo-Welsh Cup , which had begun as an England-only competition but included Welsh teams from until its demise in The other Home Nations now have a single professional league, currently known as the Guinness Pro14 , that also includes teams from Italy and South Africa.

Attendances at club rugby in England have risen strongly since the sport went professional; by contrast, the professional era has had a traumatic effect on the traditional structure of club rugby in Wales, Scotland and Ireland.

There was some talk of the regions being redrawn, with the North being divided in two and the South being absorbed into the West and East regions, but two Italian sides instead took the vacated places, and still later the competition added two South African sides.

All of the home nations play in large, state-of-the-art venues. Twickenham in London, home to the England national team and the country's governing body, the Rugby Football Union , currently seats 82,, making it the second-largest stadium in the country after Wembley.

Scotland's largest stadium, with a capacity of over 67,, is Murrayfield in Edinburgh, home to the national team and the Scottish Rugby Union.

Ireland currently play all their home matches in the Republic's capital of Dublin at Aviva Stadium , built on the site of Irish rugby's historic home of Lansdowne Road.

As the sport's worldwide governing body, World Rugby, is based in Dublin and is heavily dominated by the Home Nations, there has never been a threat to the independence of each country's team and a joint team, known as the British and Irish Lions , will tour a Southern Hemisphere nation every four years.

The Lions games however do not compete in any major tournaments, and will play local clubs as well as the host nation's First XV. The four home nations also field national sevens teams.

England, Scotland and Wales are all "core teams" that compete in all events of the annual World Rugby Sevens Series for men, and England have been a core team in the World Rugby Women's Sevens Series since the latter competition's creation in Ireland have not been as competitive in men's sevens, but the women's sevens team have had core status alongside England on two different occasions—first for the —14 series , and most recently since the —16 series.

The United Kingdom currently hosts an event in each men's World Sevens Series in London ; the UK had also hosted a second event in Scotland , but that event was removed from the schedule after the —15 series.

The —15 women's series saw the debut of a London event , but that tournament did not return for — Rugby union returned to the Olympics in with sevens tournaments for both men and women; the Great Britain men's team won the silver medal, losing to Fiji in the final, and the women's team lost in the bronze medal match to Canada.

In a contrast with football, the participation of Great Britain sevens teams at the Olympics was endorsed by World Rugby then known as the International Rugby Board in In the Rugby World Cup Sevens , the men's teams of England and Wales have both been victorious—England in the inaugural tournament in and Wales in Overall rugby league is a smaller sport than rugby union in the United Kingdom , but it draws healthy crowds in its heartlands in Yorkshire and North West England , and is popular with armchair sports fans nationwide.

Before the reorganisation, London Broncos competed in Super League. Until , automatic promotion and relegation existed between Super League and the Championship when it was replaced by three-year licences for clubs to play in the former.

Promotion and relegation returned to Super League and the Championship in The main knock-out competition is the Challenge Cup , which also includes clubs from France and Canada , and in the past has also included clubs from Russia.

Rugby league is also played as an amateur sport, especially in the heartland areas, where the game is administered by BARLA. Since the rugby union authorities ended the discrimination against playing rugby league amateur numbers in the sport have increased, particularly outside the heartland areas.

Through competitions such as the Rugby League Conference the sport is heading towards a national spread, at amateur level at least.

For many tournaments the home nations are combined to compete as Great Britain. The Great Britain team won the Rugby League World Cup in , and , but England and Wales now compete separately in this tournament and Australia have won every World Cup since except in , when they were upset in the final by New Zealand.

The Great Britain team is retained for some competitions, such as with Australia and New Zealand in the recently founded Tri-Nations competition, and in test series such as the Ashes against Australia and the Baskerville Shield against New Zealand.

Ice hockey is the only team sport to have a United Kingdom-wide league with at least one team from every nation. It has a long history in the UK and it is reasonably well supported, with the larger teams attracting thousands of fans to every game.

At the moment the Great Britain men's national ice hockey team is in division 1 of the Ice Hockey World Championships.

Media support for ice hockey has improved on a national level, although the majority of news is still found on the internet. Premier Sports picked up the mantle for a number of seasons, but there has been no mainstream coverage of the EIHL since Gaelic games such as Gaelic football and hurling are organised on an all-Ireland basis and are highly popular in Northern Ireland, with a smaller presence in Great Britain.

They are regulated by the Gaelic Athletic Association. Antrim are the only Northern Ireland team in the first tier. The female equivalent of hurling is called camogie and is played by teams from Northern Irish and London.

Gaelic handball with its roots in Scotland is still played at a competitive level in Northern Ireland. Composite rules shinty-hurling is a hybrid sport which was developed to facilitate international matches between shinty players and hurling players.

Field hockey is the second most popular team recreational sport in the United Kingdom. The Great Britain men's hockey team won the hockey tournament at the Olympics , while the women's hockey team repeated the success in the Games.

While hockey receives widespread television coverage during the Olympics, coverage outside that is small, especially relative to its participation level.

The success of the women's team in has raised the profile of the sport, the women's side and a number of the team's star players, notably captain Kate Richardson-Walsh and goalkeeper Maddie Hinch.

Shinty or camanachd is an amateur sport indigenous to the Scottish Highlands. Although it is mostly restricted to this area it is highly popular within the Highlands, sometimes attracting crowds numbering thousands in what is the most sparsely populated region of the United Kingdom.

It is administered by the Camanachd Association. Its main trophies are the Camanachd Cup [26] and the Premier Division.

There are clubs in Edinburgh, Glasgow and London however and it was once played throughout Scotland and England until the early 20th Century.

Australian rules football is a growing amateur sport in the United Kingdom. The Grand Final is an event that regularly attracts growing audience of up to 5, Great Britain has a national team the British Bulldogs , it regularly competes in international matches and has competed in the Australian Football International Cup since its inception in Exhibition matches are regularly scheduled for The Oval in London, and despite the fact that few Britons know of the sport, the most recent match attracted a record crowd of 18, [2].

Premier, 1 and 2, with Premier and 1 divided into a North and South conference with Coventry being the Most Southern of the Northern teams while division 2 is further split into 4 conferences, North becoming North Scotland and Carlisle and Central and the South being split into East and West.

The Championship participants are promoted to the divisions above and the lowest-ranking teams in each division are relegated. Previously, many of these teams competed in the BAFL which entered administration in The national team is known as the GB Lions and represents the United Kingdom in international gridiron.

Despite the minor status of the sport in the United Kingdom, the NFL has played at least one game each season at Wembley Stadium since Wembley has hosted multiple games in each season since , and the series has since expanded to include other locations in London.

Twickenham began hosting NFL games in , and the primary site for London games will switch from Wembley to the new Tottenham Hotspur stadium once it opens in Once invented in England, bandy has been virtually unknown in the United Kingdom for most of the 20th Century, but this hockey sport played on ice with rules similar to football has been taken up again.

There are plans to form a national team for the Bandy World Championship. Basketball is a minor sport in the United Kingdom.

While following an American franchise format rather than using promotion and relegation like most European leagues, the majority of recent additions have come from the English league.

As with football, the home nations teams were encouraged to work together for the Olympics, while British international basketball teams have not achieved any major successes since then, FIBA officials stated that if they re-entered the European competition after the Olympics as individual nations, they will be treated as unranked newcomers.

After meeting with FIBA officials, Basketball Wales voted against making the merger permanent citing amongst other things, the lack of opportunity for Welsh players within a United Kingdom framework no players in either the men's or women's Olympic squad were Welsh and for the advancement of the game domestically The BBL announced intentions to expand into several United Kingdom cities but neither Cardiff nor Swansea had been suggested.

As with American football the NBA have arranged regular season matches in London for several years now, the most recent being a game between the Boston Celtics and Philadelphia 76ers at the O2 Arena , London.

Though in , Stern went on to say that of the sites suggested only London and Berlin had arenas of the standard expected in the NBA, while Spain's and Italy's domestic leagues had become increasingly popular.

The idea of a single team or pair of teams relocating to London and Berlin was dismissed as uneconomical due to the distances involved for away fixtures.

A piece on the web outlet of US sports media giant ESPN explored why British basketball has so far failed to develop players to the degree of countries such as France, Germany and Australia.

The first is the dominance of other sports, especially football, in the country's sporting culture. A survey by Sport England found that basketball was the third most-played sport among the 14—25 age group in England, just behind rugby union in numbers—but both sports combined have less than one-third the participation of football.

Additionally, a British sport journalist pointed out that football academies are "really bad at letting players out of the system who aren't going to make it", frequently keeping players until age 17 or 18, beyond an age at which they can reasonably be developed for top-level basketball.

Another issue is politically related. Basketball is not played in the elite fee-paying secondary schools that produce a disproportionate share of the UK's political leaders.

Also, several British basketball insiders have cited problems with the sport's governance within the UK, with Kevin Routledge, chairman of the BBL's Leicester Riders , calling it "shambolic" and former NBA player John Amaechi saying "British basketball is dominated by people who are well meaning but poorly skilled.

The British government provided many sports, including basketball, with major funding in advance of the Olympics.

However, Team GB was perceived as a failure in basketball, with the women's team going winless and the men going 1—4, though losing by only 1 point to eventual silver medallists Spain.

As a result, basketball's funding was dramatically cut, and the men's national team failed to qualify for EuroBasket or the Olympics.

The sport also currently lacks private funding, with Amaechi claiming that many British BBL players are not paid living wages. Finally, until very recent years, British players were reluctant to develop themselves in the more competitive leagues of continental Europe.

Motorcycle speedway , usually referred to as speedway, is a motorcycle sport involving four and sometimes up to six riders competing over four anti-clockwise laps of an oval circuit.

Speedway motorcycles use only one gear and have no brakes and racing takes place on a flat oval track usually consisting of dirt or loosely packed shale.

The United Kingdom has three domestic leagues, the Elite League. The Speedway Grand Prix is the main world championship for standalone riders with an event taking place in Cardiff each year.

Rounders is a bat-and-ball base-running game played on a diamond. Played in England since Tudor times , it is referenced in in the children's book A Little Pretty Pocket-Book where it was called baseball.

A maximum of nine players are allowed to field at any time. Points known as 'rounders' are scored by the batting team when one of their players completes a circuit past four bases without being put 'out'.

Touch or Touch Rugby is a limited-contact sport variant of rugby football. It is typically played with a mixed-gender team of six three men and three women , with single-gender and age group variants.

Teams play on a 70m by 50m pitch with rolling substitutions. There are no set pieces e. Scores are made by grounding the ball over the scoreline as in Rugby Union or League; a team is allowed six touches in possession to attempt a score before the ball is turned over to the opposition.

The England Touch Association runs three national mixed series from April to September, as well as a men's and a women's series. More than a thousand players across over 40 clubs [35] are registered to play in these competitions.

There are also substantial local and regional competitions, many run with the involvement of O2 Touch. Athletics does not have a very high profile in Britain on a week-in week-out basis, but it leaps to prominence during major championships.

The level of attention received by successful British athletes is illustrated by the fact that athletes have won far more BBC Sports Personality of the Year awards than practitioners of any other sport.

There are also semi-independent athletics associations in each of the home nations. Over the last few decades British athletes have usually won between one and three gold medals at the Olympics; the Games in London saw three British athletes win four golds single golds by Jessica Ennis and Greg Rutherford , and two by Mo Farah.

Traditionally Britain was strongest in men's athletics, especially middle distance running, but over the last 20 years success has been achieved in a wide range of events and British women have closed the attainment gap on the men.

However, there remain serious concerns about the depth of the sport in Britain, with the number of club athletes reportedly in decline.

Two high-profile annual athletics events are the London Marathon and the Great North Run , which is a half marathon.

The United Kingdom played a key role in the evolution of modern boxing , with the codification of the rules of the sport known as the Queensberry Rules , named after John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry in Some of the best contemporary British boxers included; super-middleweight champion Joe Calzaghe , featherweight champion Naseem Hamed , and heavyweight champion Lennox Lewis.

Welshman Calzaghe's display against Jeff Lacy in prompted Lacy's trainer to state "I have never seen a better performance than that in the world.

British professional boxing offers some of the largest purses outside the United States to a few elite professional boxers who become nationally known.

British heavyweight contenders are especially popular, but most British world champions have fought in the middle weight bracket.

The governing body of professional boxing is the British Boxing Board of Control. It is generally felt that British professional boxing is in decline in the early years of the 21st century.

The reasons for this include: Amateur boxing is governed by separate bodies in each home nation. At Olympic, World and European events, home nation boxers with the exception of N.

Ireland compete under the GB podium squad banner. British amateurs have enjoyed success in international competition in recent years but unlike their counterparts boxing for the Irish Republic there's a tendency for them to turn professional early in their amateur career.

The amateur sport is steadily recovering from a decline that reached a peak in the late s, with dramatic increases in boxer numbers driven by recent GB podium squad success, most notably at the London Olympics.

Although Britain's top amateur boxers are household names and lauded by the general public, the financial and commercial leverage that professional sports now have on televised media means amateur boxing rarely receives its fair share of T.

Mixed martial arts MMA has come a huge way.

Coach Darren Cahill says he will support Simona Halep from the sidelines after opting to take a sabbatical from his role "for personal reasons" in The Spaniard has withdrawn from the ATP finals in London to have a foreign body removed from inside his right ankle.

Israel's Sports and Culture Minister Miri Regev called on her Spanish counterpart to act after political protest led to the fixture's change of venue.

Brandon Mavuta claimed as Zimbabwe bowled out Bangladesh to record their first Test victory since September Cardiff City CAR 0. Huddersfield Town HUD -.

West Ham WHA -. Crystal Palace CRY -. Mainz 05 M05 -. Stade de Reims STA -. Boca Juniors BOC -. River Plate RP -. Rosario Central RCE 1. Zulte Waregem WRG -.

Cercle Brugge CER -. Once Caldas OCA -. De Graafschap DGR -. Fortuna Sittard FSI -. Liga Mexicana - Apertura. Gallos Blancos QUE 2. Os Belenenses OBL -.

Desportivo Aves AVE -. Rio Ave RAF -. Astra Giurgiu AGI -. Caykur Rizespor RIZ -. Toronto Raptors TOR -. Milwaukee Bucks MIL -.

Philadelphia 76ers PHI Charlotte Hornets CHA Orlando Magic ORL Washington Wizards WAS Atlanta Hawks ATL Detroit Pistons DET Miami Heat MIA Indiana Pacers IND Although Britain's top amateur boxers are household names and lauded by the general public, the financial and commercial leverage that professional sports now have on televised media means amateur boxing rarely receives its fair share of T.

Mixed martial arts MMA has come a huge way. The sport was on the verge of being sent into oblivion in the early s but has since clawed its way back and become one of the most popular sports in the USA.

It is hard to pinpoint the main reason why exactly this has happened. The stereotype of extreme violence that they have been unable to shake off?

However, things slowly started to change when Michael Bisping came onto the scene and won The Ultimate Fighter 3. The 2 winners of The Ultimate Fighter: A Champion Will Be Crowned.

Britain had limited success with cycle racing in the 20th century. This has changed when the performance director of British Cycling Peter Keen formerly coach of Chris Boardman and later appointed in as performance director with UK Sport obtained lottery funding which helped cycling at both grass roots and at an elite level.

The first fruits of the programme were harvested in Other successes include Rebecca Romero and Victoria Pendleton.

Success at road racing was also limited, with the United Kingdom being the only major nation not to have a Tour de France champion, until Bradley Wiggins ' victory in the Tour de France.

This newfound British success continued with Chris Froome winning four of the next five Tours , , , , followed by Geraint Thomas taking victory in Britain has had some success in women's cycle racing in producing 4 road racing world champions including Beryl Burton , Mandy Jones , Lizzie Armistead and Nicole Cooke who won the Olympic road race title and the world championship in the same year in Emma Pooley won the world road time trial championship in Cycle racing is organised by British Cycling , who govern most cycling events in the United Kingdom and organise the national team.

The success of British Cycling and Team Sky has increased dramatically the popularity of the sport in the UK which has brought in more sponsors into the sport.

A lot of cyclists take part in the many sportives organized all over the country including the hugely popular Ride London event which.

Modern competitive golf originated in Scotland. In the early 20th century British golfers were the best in the world, winning nearly all of the US Open championships before World War I.

American golfers later became dominant, but Britain has continued to produce leading golfers, with an especially strong period in the s and s.

There are usually more British golfers than others in the top of the Official World Golf Ranking relative to population, that is to say more than a fifth as many.

Several British golfers have reached the world's top 10 in the early s. England's Lee Westwood ended Tiger Woods ' five-year reign atop the rankings in autumn In May , fellow Englishman Luke Donald reached the top of the rankings, and by the end of that year became the first golfer in history to top the money lists of both the PGA and European Tours in the same season.

Golf is the sixth most popular sport, by participation, in the United Kingdom. The Open Championship , which is played each July on a number of British golf courses on a rotating basis, the majority of them in Scotland, is the only men's major golf tournament which is played outside of the United States.

In international team competition the United Kingdom provides a large part of the European Ryder Cup team, which has beaten the United States team in seven of the last eight events.

Tennis is yet another sport which originated in the United Kingdom, first originating in the city of Birmingham between and as a more open variant of the historical real tennis , or Royal tennis, often associated with the Tudor monarchy of Henry VIII of England.

However, it has not flourished there in recent decades: No British woman has won at Wimbledon since Virginia Wade in The governing body of the sport is the Lawn Tennis Association LTA , which invests the vast profits from the tournament in the game in the hope of producing British champions, but a string of revamps of the coaching system have failed to raise the standard of LTA-trained players.

The only British players of either sex to reach the world top 50 in recent years are Greg Rusedski , who learnt his tennis in Canada , Tim Henman and Murray, who did not pass through the LTA system either, and on the women's side Anne Keothavong and the late Elena Baltacha both slipped into the worlds top 50 during their careers.

Outside of Wimbledon fortnight tennis's profile in Britain is low, and since the retirement of Rusedski and Henman is now largely dependent on Murray, the current UK number 1.

Very recently , the rise of a number of other players, notably doubles specialist Jamie Murray , and younger top 50 players Laura Robson , Heather Watson , Dan Evans and Kyle Edmund has been supplemented by the spectacular rise of British women's number one Johanna Konta from a position outside the top to the top ten in the world in just under eighteen months leading to October As a result, Great Britain had a top ten ranked men's singles, men's doubles and women's singles players at the same time for the first time ever.

Great Britain have won the Davis Cup ten times, with their most recent title in being their first since The Great Britain women's team made the final of the Fed Cup four times, losing all four, but their last finals appearance was in when the competition was known as the Federation Cup, and the women's prospects for future victory are dim.

The British leg of the competition is the Rally Great Britain. Derek Bell is a five-time 24 Hours of Le Mans winner and one-time winner of the km Silverstone , the major endurance race of the country, formerly part of the World Sportscar Championship and currently part of the FIA World Endurance Championship.

Britain hosts one round of the MotoGP World Championship at Silverstone in early September, and celebrated its first motorcycle grand prix world champion since the late Barry Sheene with Danny Kent 's title in Moto3 in In the race had become the third Superbike World Championship round in Britain, but since then rounds at Silverstone and Brands Hatch have been dropped.

In rally raiding , Sam Sunderland became the first British winner of the Dakar Rally when he won the motorcycle classification in One reason the popularity has increased domestically is due to the UK's strength at the international level with two gold and two bronze medals at the two most recent Olympic games and many wins on the international circuit.

Many races are held over the UK hosted by local clubs with about , race entrants in [44]. Swimming is the largest participation sport in England according to Sport England It is larger than athletics, cycling and football.

The swimming organisations of the home countries formed an umbrella organisation called British Swimming in the year British Swimming concentrates on elite swimmers with podium potential.

Britain sends large teams to all the major international swimming events, and enjoy some successes, but it is not currently a leading swimming nation.

The sport's profile is highest during the Commonwealth Games , when British swimmers have their best chance to win gold medals, and during the Olympics.

The sport has a thriving club structure with competition at all levels. The provision of 50 metre pools in the United Kingdom was very poor for a developed country, with just 22 as of early , only two of which conformed to the full Olympic standard.

There are however far more 25 metre short course pools and other sub Olympic-size competition pools. See List of Olympic size swimming pools in the United Kingdom.

The number of 50m pools has now increased and there are 9 full Olympic size pools including the London Aquatics Centre pool which is regarded as currently the best pool in the world.

Other sports with loyal followings include snooker , which is popular with television companies as it fills their schedules at a very low cost, and also attracts good audiences.

However, its popularity has waned somewhat since , when nearly a third of the British population watched the conclusion of the celebrated Dennis Taylor versus Steve Davis World Championship final even though it ended after midnight.

There are many amateur leagues set up across the country, featuring team matches between snooker clubs.

Table Tennis is, according to Sport England a widely participated physical activity with c participants and a large number of regional clubs enrolled to English Table Tennis Association https: Darts is another British centred sport with an assured place in the attention of the British sporting public.

Phil Taylor of Stoke has won more World Championships than any other player. Sailing is also a well regarded sport in the United Kingdom. It is governed by the RYA , and there are many locations in the United Kingdom where sailing can take place, both inland and coastal.

Media coverage tends to be low, but if this were to be increased, some feel that support for the sport would increase.

The United Kingdom has proved successful in the international sporting arena in rowing. It is widely considered that the sport's most successful rower is Steve Redgrave who won five gold medals and one bronze medal at five consecutive Olympic Games , as well as numerous wins at the World Rowing Championships and Henley Royal Regatta.

There are many other sports in which Britons compete, sometimes with success, but which do not receive much attention outside a small number of aficionados except during major events such as the Olympics and the Commonwealth Games, or when a British athlete does something extraordinary such as breaking a world record.

Examples include judo , gliding , modern pentathlon , figure skating and sailing. Thoroughbred racing , which originated under Charles II of England as the "sport of kings", occupies a key place in British sport, probably ranking in the top four or five sports in terms of media coverage.

There are sixty racecourses in Great Britain with annual racecourse attendance exceeding six million and roughly 13, races being held across Britain and Ireland each year.

The town of Newmarket is considered the centre of English racing, largely because of the famous Newmarket Racecourse. The two forms of horseracing in the United Kingdom are National Hunt , which involves jumping over fences or hurdles, and the more glamorous flat racing.

National Hunt is a winter sport and flat racing is a summer sport, but the seasons are very long and they overlap.

Other leading flat races include the 1, Guineas and The Oaks , and these five races are collectively known as the Classics.

Apart from the meetings at which the aforementioned races are staged, major flat racing meetings include Royal Ascot , Glorious Goodwood , and the Ebor Festival at York Racecourse.

The United Kingdom also played a key role in the evolution of three-day eventing and showjumping. Badminton attracts crowds of up to a quarter of a million spectators on cross country day, which is the largest for any paid-entry sports event in Britain.

The British Olympic Association is responsible for the promotion of the Olympic Movement within the United Kingdom and for the selection, leadership and management of Great Britain and Northern Ireland at every Olympic accredited event.

By longstanding practice, athletes of Northern Ireland have the option of being part of either the Great Britain or Ireland teams.

After the Summer Olympics Great Britain was third in the all-time Summer Olympic medal count ranked by gold medals , although the majority of the medals are accounted for by some very large tallies in the first few Olympic Games.

British medal tallies for much of the post-war period were generally considered disappointing, but the Summer Olympics marked an upturn and this was sustained at the Summer Olympics when Great Britain finished tenth in the medal table and the where it finished fourth behind only China, the USA and Russia.

This was seen as a great success, and there was a victory parade through the streets of London. This trend continued in the Games in London.

The sports in which the British team has won most medals in recent Summer Olympics include rowing, sailing , cycling and athletics. In addition to the Summer Olympics, London hosted the Games in and Winter sports only play a minor role in British sporting life because the winters are not cold enough for them to be practised out of doors very much.

Great Britain is not a leading nation at the Winter Olympics , but has had a few successes in sports such as figure skating , curling and bob skeleton.

A number of athletes represented Great Britain in the freestyle skiing discipline when it debuted at the Winter Olympics. The United Kingdom has played a major role in the development of disability sport.

It has never finished outside the top five and has been second several times, including the last five games in , , , and The BBC is an enthusiastic promoter of disability sport.

London's successful bid for the Summer Olympics also meant that it hosted the Summer Paralympics. Although Great Britain have been a minor nation in the Winter Paralympics , they have enjoyed particular success in women's visually impaired alpine skiing in the s, with Kelly Gallagher becoming the first British Winter Paralympic gold medallist at the Games when she won the super-G [48] and Jade Etherington , Menna Fitzpatrick and Millie Knight all winning multiple Paralympic medals in the sport.

In the early 20th century the United Kingdom had some of the largest sports facilities in the world, but the level of comfort and amenities they offered would be considered totally unacceptable by modern standards.

After a long period of decline relative to other developed countries British facilities have made a relative improvement since the s, and this is ongoing.

British football grounds are almost always football-only facilities in which the spectators are close to the action.

Since the late s there has been a dramatic spurt of reconstruction and replacement of league grounds, which is ongoing, and the Premier League 's facilities are among the best of any sports league.

As of early there are approximately 35 all-seater club grounds in England with a capacity of 25, or more, three in Scotland and one in Wales. The largest is Manchester United's Old Trafford , which has a capacity of over 76, and the most recently built football stadia in the Premier League include the Emirates Stadium and the City of Manchester Stadium.

English cricket grounds are smaller than the largest in some other countries, especially India and Australia , but the best of them have been modernised to a high standard, and two new international grounds have been built in recent years.

The largest English cricket ground, Lord's in London, is internationally regarded as the "home of cricket".

Rugby union and rugby league clubs are generally poorer than their football counterparts. Some clubs have good all seater grounds in the 10,, capacity range; some have older grounds which are still partly terraced, and others play in council -owned joint-use stadia e.

Some clubs rent stadia from football clubs. In some cases, union and league clubs share grounds; one current example of this phenomenon exists in Salford.

The United Kingdom has many world class golf courses which can accommodate crowds in the tens of thousands for tournaments. The greatest concentration of these is in Scotland.

The Open Championship is always played over a links course, the most famous venue being the Old Course at St Andrews on the east coast of Scotland.

Wentworth Club near London was once the only venue which hosted two European Tour events each season, but it now hosts only one.

The provision of athletics stadiums in the United Kingdom is very poor compared to most other developed countries. The main reason for this is that it is not considered acceptable to ask football or rugby fans to sit behind an athletics track.

This means that athletics stadiums have to be separately financed and this can only be done with public funds, which have not been forthcoming on a large scale.

The largest athletics stadium built in the United Kingdom between Second World War and the s, the 38,capacity City of Manchester Stadium built for the Commonwealth Games , was reconfigured for football-only use after that event.

For many years, the largest existing stadium was the 25, seat Don Valley Stadium in Sheffield , and London's largest athletics venue was Crystal Palace , which has just 15, permanent seats.

Both have since been superseded by the venue now known as London Stadium , which was built as an 80, seater for the Summer Olympics and became the new home of West Ham United F.

By the time West Ham moved in, the capacity was reduced to 60,, and the track remained in place, with movable seating added to allow optimal configurations for both athletics and football.

Since the retention of the track was a necessary condition for tenancy, the Olympic Stadium won the right to host the World Championships in Athletics.

The Alexander Stadium in Birmingham is to be upgraded to a long term capacity of 25, temporarily 50, for the Commonwealth Games.

There are 60 horse racecourses in Great Britain, with two more in Northern Ireland the sport is governed on an all-Ireland basis.

The best of them are world class. Silverstone Circuit , Donington Park and Brands Hatch are the three international motorsport courses.

There are several outdoor velodromes for track cycle racing in the United Kingdom with Herne Hill in London being the only venue from the Olympics still in operation.

There are also five indoor velodromes, one in Newport , the 3, seater Manchester Velodrome , part of the National Cycling Centre that serves as the headquarters of British Cycling , as well as the 6, seater arena built as part of the Summer Olympics in London, the 2, seater venue built for the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow and the 1, seater Derby Velodrome which opened in In the United Kingdom there is no indoor sport capable of attracting five-figure attendances on a regular basis, and this restricts the development of large indoor arenas.

These facilities make most of their income from pop concerts, but they occasionally stage boxing matches and other sporting events.

It also hosted the Final Four of the continent-wide Euroleague in basketball. Several smaller arenas hosting ice hockey and basketball are found around the United Kingdom though these generally hold only a few thousand fans.

The largest arena in the basketball league is Glasgow's new 6, seater Commonwealth Arena , also built for the Commonwealth Games.

Apart from a couple of Oxbridge events, student sport has a very low profile in the United Kingdom. While universities have significant sports facilities, there was no system of sports scholarships, with tuition fees only being introduced in the late 90s.

However students who are elite standard competitors are eligible for funding from bodies such as UK Sport on the same basis as anyone else.

The university most focused on sports provision is Loughborough University. Budding professionals in the traditionally working class team sports of football and rugby league rarely go to university.

Talented youngsters in the more middle class sports of cricket and rugby union are far more likely to attend university, but their sports clubs usually play a greater role in developing their talent than their university coaches.

Some sports are attempting to adapt to new conditions in which a far higher proportion of British teenagers attend university than in the past, notably cricket, which has established several university centres of excellence.

Sport is compulsory for all students up to the age of sixteen, but the amount of time devoted to it is often small. There are frequent complaints that state sector schools do too little to encourage sport and a healthy lifestyle.

Sports culture is stronger in independent schools in the United Kingdom , and these schools contribute disproportionate numbers of elite competitors in almost all sports with the exceptions of football, rugby league, boxing and perhaps athletics.

In addition to many of the sports already mentioned, popular sports at junior level include netball and rounders , both of which are played almost entirely by girls.

The leading body for physical education in the United Kingdom is the Association for Physical Education.

In , the UK School Games was established by the Youth Sport Trust as an annual sporting competition for elite school age athletes in the United Kingdom, and for was expanded to include nine sports over four days.

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February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Mixed martial arts in the United Kingdom. British amateurs have only enjoyed a very modest amount of success in international competition in recent decades, partly due to the tendency for them to turn professional at an early stage.

The amateur sport is in a very poor state, with dramatic declines in boxer numbers. National amateur boxing championships and international team matches, which were once highlights of the British sporting calendar, receive only limited national recognition.

Mixed martial arts MMA has come a huge way. The sport was on the verge of being sent into oblivion in the early s but has since clawed its way back and become one of the most popular sports in the USA.

However, things slowly started to change when Michael Bisping came onto the scene and won The Ultimate Fighter 3 and earned a six-figure contract to the UFC.

Bisping coached Team UK. The show saw the UK vs Australia. Hardy lost the fight via unanimous decision. St-Pierre took Hardy down and controlled him with effective ground and pound.

St-Pierre secured a tight armbar and kimura on Hardy in rounds 1 and 4. Hardy refused to tap, however, despite the danger of his arm being broken.

Bisping on 7 November in Sydney, Australia with a guillotine choke in round 2. Rockhold was originally set to rematch Chris Weidman , who he took the title from at UFC , but, Weidman was forced to withdraw due to a neck injury.

Bisping landed 3 strikes after he dropped Rockhold again and referee John McCarthy stopped the fight. Michael Bisping fulfilled his destiny and realised his dream.

Other sports with loyal followings include snooker , which is popular with television companies as it fills swathes of their schedules at a very low cost, and also attracts a good number of viewers.

However, its popularity has waned somewhat since , when nearly a third of the British population watched the conclusion of the celebrated Dennis Taylor versus Steve Davis World Championship final even though it ended after midnight.

Darts is another British-centred sport with an assured place in the attention of the English sporting public. Lawn Bowls is popular, particularly with the elderly.

International competitions are often televised. In the early 20th century England had some of the largest sports facilities in the world, but the level of comfort and amenities they offered would be considered totally unacceptable by modern standards.

After a long period of decline relative to other developed countries English facilities have made a relative improvement since the s, and this is ongoing.

English football grounds are almost always football-only facilities in which the spectators are close to the action. Since the late s there has been a dramatic spurt of reconstruction and replacement of league grounds, which is ongoing, and the Premiership 's facilities are among the best of any sports league.

As of early there are approximately 30 all-seater club grounds in England with a capacity of 25, or more, and three in Scotland. The largest is Manchester United's Old Trafford , which has a capacity of 76, English cricket grounds are smaller than the largest in some other countries, especially India and Australia , but the best of them have been modernised to a high standard, and two new international grounds have been built in recent years.

The largest English cricket ground, Lord's in London, is internationally regarded as the "home of cricket". Rugby union and rugby league clubs are generally poorer than their cricket and football counterparts.

Some clubs have good all seater grounds in the 10,, capacity range; some have older grounds which are still partly terraced; and others play in council -owned joint-use stadia e.

Some clubs mostly rugby union ones rent stadia from football clubs. After the Rugby Football League stipulated that all Super League club stadia must meet minimum standards rugby league has seen a marked rise in the quality of the sports venues with many clubs re-locating to new purpose-built facilities or renovating their current grounds.

Wentworth Club near London used to hold two European Tour events each season, but now hosts just one. The provision of athletics stadiums in England is very poor compared to most other developed countries.

The main reason for this is that it is not considered acceptable to ask football or rugby fans to sit behind an athletics track.

This means that athletics stadiums have to be separately financed and this can only be done with public funds, which have not been forthcoming on a large scale.

The largest athletics stadium built in the UK between the Second World War and the s, the 38,capacity City of Manchester Stadium built for the Commonwealth Games , was reconfigured for football-only use after that event.

The largest existing stadium then became the 25,seat Don Valley Stadium in Sheffield. Prior to the Summer Olympics , London's largest athletics venue was Crystal Palace , which has just 15, permanent seats.

It has since been superseded by the Olympic Stadium, now known as London Stadium , which was initially built as an 80,seater for the Olympics.

The venue was reduced to 60, seats following the Games after the London organising committee accepted West Ham United's bid to take over the stadium.

As part of the downsizing, movable seating was added to allow optimal configurations for both athletics and football. There are two Athletic stadiums in Birmingham , the Alexander Stadium 12, capacity which is home to UK Athletics , and the National Indoor Arena 14, which is also used for other events.

In England there is no indoor sport capable of attracting five-figure attendances on a regular basis, and this restricts the development of large indoor arenas.

These facilities make most of their income from pop concerts, but they occasionally stage boxing matches and other sporting events.

The largest is the Manchester Evening News Arena in its eponymous city, with a capacity of over 20, for court events.

The O 2 in London the former Millennium Dome , reopened in , contains an arena that seats 17,, but can be reconfigured to seat more than the MEN Arena and the National Indoor Arena in Birmingham which can seat 14, There are some specialist ice hockey and basketball arenas, but they only seat a few thousand spectators.

Several of the Olympic arenas will be relocated outside London after the Games. Apart from a couple of Oxbridge events, student sport has a very low profile in England, [ citation needed ] however, the largest inter-university sports tournament in Europe, the Roses Tournament often just called 'Roses' is contested between Lancaster University and the University of York annually.

While universities have significant sports facilities, there is no system of sports scholarships. However, students who are elite standard competitors are eligible for funding from bodies such as UK Sport on the same basis as anyone else.

The university most focused on sports provision is probably Loughborough University. Talented youngsters in the more middle class sports of cricket and rugby union are far more likely to attend university, but their sports clubs usually play a greater role in developing their talent than their university coaches.

Some sports are attempting to adapt to new conditions in which a far higher proportion of English teenagers attend university than in the past, notably cricket, which has established several university centres of excellence.

Sport is compulsory for all students up to the age of sixteen, but the amount of time devoted to it is often small and pupils often find fictitious excuses to avoid doing it.

The leading body for physical education in the United Kingdom is the Association for Physical Education. Sportsmark is Sport England 's accreditation scheme for secondary schools.

The scheme recognises a school's out of hours sports provision. There are frequent complaints that state sector schools do too little to encourage sport and a healthy lifestyle.

Sports culture is strong in independent schools in the United Kingdom , and these schools contribute disproportionately high numbers of competitors in sports which are traditionally considered 'elitist', [ citation needed ] such as cricket and rugby union.

Participants of other sports, notably association football, rugby league, boxing and athletics, are much more likely to come from state schools.

In addition to many of the sports already mentioned, popular sports at junior level include netball and rounders , both of which are played almost entirely by girls.

However, in recent times schoolgirls have increasingly played sports which are traditionally male, especially football and cricket, but also others such as rugby.

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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema Newspapers Magazines.

Flag Coat of arms English cultural icons English inventions and discoveries. History of rugby union and History of rugby league.

Rugby union in England. Rugby league in England. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved 23 May ICC World Cup website. Retrieved 13 September A generation ago, England games looked a lot like Last Night of the Proms , with the red, white and blue firmly to the fore.

Now, it seems, the English have begun to remember who they are. A concise history of the extreme sport".

Russia Beyond the Headlines.

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